Monday, 17 September 2018

Interesting Reads – 2018-09-16



Interesting Reads – 2018-09-16

Contents

Articles

  • A nostalgic journey through the evolution of web design
  • Why we’re editing women scientists onto Wikipedia
  • Miami Will Be Underwater Soon. Its Drinking Water Could Go First
  • The Best IoT eBooks Out There
  • How Unpaywall is transforming open science
  • Brazil museum fire: ‘incalculable’ loss as 200-year-old Rio institution gutted
  • What I learned about weight loss from spending a day inside a metabolic chamber
  • Man’s Best (Robot) Friend: Robotic Pets Help Elders Reduce Pill Dependency And Lower Stress
  • CES 2018: 14 Trends Shaping The Future According To The Largest Tech Show On Earth
  • College is Dying, Design Your Own Education.

Events / Announcements

  • ACM India Chennai Professional Chapter Turing Series Talk 12 on "Contributions of Tarjan and Hopcroft”
  • ICACCP-2019: International Conference on Advanced Computational and  Communication Paradigms -2019


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Articles

A nostalgic journey through the evolution of web design

The World Wide Web was invented almost 30 years ago by Tim Berners Lee to help people easily share information around the world. Over the following decades, it has changed significantly – both in terms of design and functionality, as well its deeper role in modern society.

Just as the architectural style of a building reflects the society from which it emerges, so the evolution of web design reflects the changing fashions, beliefs and technologies of the time.

Web design styles have changed with remarkable speed compared with their bricks and mortar cousins. The first website contained only text with hyperlinks explaining what the web was, how to use it, and basic set-up instructions. From those early days to the present, web design has taken a long and winding journey.



Why we’re editing women scientists onto Wikipedia

Wikipedia is the fifth most popular website in the world and notches up more than 32 million views a day. But who edits Wikipedia — and the biases they carry with them — matters


Miami Will Be Underwater Soon. Its Drinking Water Could Go First

How rising seas will parch Miami: Miami sits on top of a massive sponge-like aquifer. Its geography makes it uniquely vulnerable to climate change: not only will rising seawater inundate the city above ground, but it also threatens to contaminate the precious fresh water below the surface. Salt water is already being pushed into the aquifer, forming a wall of brine that’s creeping inland. This could be a lesson for other cities close to the coastal areas.


The Best IoT eBooks Out There

The Internet of Things is complex, and there are many moving parts to understand before venturing into your own IoT project. To make the right decision for your product or company, you’ll likely need a total deep dive into IoT and it’s technical components.

The author of the post has compiled some of the best eBooks on IoT and related technologies, including real life use cases and applications, to help you gain the foundational knowledge needed to build your own IoT solutions.


How Unpaywall is transforming open science

The plucky non-profit transforming open science: Unpaywall, the digital tool for quickly and legally finding open-access versions of published papers, has become indispensable to many academics. Born out of an all-nighter in a hotel hallway in 2011, the tool is now beingembraced by established services such as Elsevier’s Scopus database. It's putting more open-access content at researchers' fingertips and enabling scientists to comprehensively study open-access publishing trends for the first time


Related story: Half of papers searched for online are free to read

Related story: Need a paper? Get a plug-in. A collection of web-browser plug-ins is making the scholarly literature more discoverable.

Brazil museum fire: ‘incalculable’ loss as 200-year-old Rio institution gutted

Brazil’s oldest and most important historical and scientific museum has been consumed by fire, and much of its archive of 20 million items is believed to have been destroyed. The Museu Nacional houses artefacts from Egypt, Greco-Roman art and some of the first fossils found in Brazil


What I learned about weight loss from spending a day inside a metabolic chamber

One day inside a metabolic chamber: Science journalist Julia Belluz spent 23 hours eating, sleeping and exercising in a sealed room, with her every movement and mouthful being recorded. The result was a detailed map of how her body turns food into fuel: her metabolism. Belluz explores the mysteries of metabolism and its relationship to weight — and how metabolism myths are exploited by the diet industry


Man’s Best (Robot) Friend: Robotic Pets Help Elders Reduce Pill Dependency And Lower Stress

Lifelike robotic pets can provide comfort and companionship in elder care. Robotic pets with fluffy coats and lifelike eyes are finding a market as elder care companions.

A far cry from the hard-shelled mechanical pets of the early 2000s, these more realistic “care bots” are providing companionship to nursing home residents — a population known to experience loneliness and isolation.

The benefits of robotic pets for elder care may extend far beyond comfort and quality of life. One study found that therapy treatments with a robotic seal led to reduced medication use, better sleep, and other health improvements in patients with dementia — showing the potential for robotic pets to provide long-term clinical value.

Related report:   Research Briefing: Mental Health & Wellness Tech

CES 2018: 14 Trends Shaping The Future According To The Largest Tech Show On Earth

The Consumer Electronics Show — better known as CES — is a massive 4-day affair, with over 180K attendees ambling through 2.6M square feet (that’s 54 football fields) of demo space in Las Vegas, Nevada.

This year’s show featured technologies ranging from voice-operated autonomous cars to smart toilets to ping-pong playing robots, and more.

To be sure, CES had plenty in the way of “vaporware,” or gee-whiz demos that will never actually see the light of day as products. But there were also hints of true tech innovation and what the future will hold in categories including consumer AI, the Internet of Things, and robotics, among many others.


College is Dying, Design Your Own Education

College is dying.
I’m not referring to the institutionsthose will probably survive for a few more decades.
I’m referring to the paradigm.
A paradigm where in order to acquire education you have to:

  • Select a single field of study.
  • Part with mobility and optionality + tens of thousands of dollars.
  • Commit to a 4-year investment while having little clue how your chosen field works in the real world.
  • Have a central planner dictate what’s worth learning within your field.
  • Have teachers assigned to you with little room for choice.
  • Focus on the theoretical over the practical, memorization over problem-solving.
  • Learn from people without skin in the game.
  • Rely on a document provided by an institution to prove that you learned something.


Events / Announcements

ACM India Chennai Professional Chapter Turing Series Talk 12 on "Contributions of Tarjan and Hopcroft”

As part of the "50 Years of Turing Award" talk series, ACM Chennai Chapter is organizing the 12th talk at IMSc on “Contributions of Robert Tarjan and John Hopcroft (1986 Turing Award Winners)” by Prof. Venkatesh Raman, Institute of Mathematical Sciences on 27th September 2018 at 5.00 p.m. at Ramanujan Auditorium, Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai

Registration is FREE. However, if you intend to attend, please register through the following link, to facilitate logistics: 

ICACCP-2019: International Conference on Advanced Computational and  Communication Paradigms -2019

The Dept. of CSE, Sikkim  Manipal Institute of Technology, Sikkim, India is organizing the Second  edition of International Conference on Advanced Computational and  Communication Paradigms -2019 (ICACCP-2019) during February 25-28, 2019. The event is technically co-sponsored by IEEE Kolkata Section, IEEE Computational Intelligence Society, Kolkata chapter, Computer Society of India and IEEE Communication Society, Kolkata Chapter. All accepted and presented papers will be submitted to IEEE Xplore.

Paper Submission Deadline is 30th Sep 2018

More details at the conf. website at http://www.icaccpa.in or contact: The Convenor, ICACCP-2019, Department of CSE, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Majitar, East Sikkim, Sikkim-737136, India E-mail:            icaccp.cse@smit.smu.edu.in
Mobile: +91-9821928536

Archives of Interesting Reads 

To access the past posts of Interesting Reads, pl. visit

Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com  

With regards
HR Mohan

Wednesday, 12 September 2018

Interesting Reads – 2018-09-11



Interesting Reads – 2018-09-11

Contents

Articles

  • Are New York’s Free LinkNYC Internet Kiosks Tracking Your Movements?
  • How Common Is Commercial Contract Cheating in Higher Education and Is It Increasing? A Systematic Review
  • The man who was fired by a machine
  • UIDAI’s Aadhaar Software Hacked, ID Database Compromised, Experts Confirm
  • An Introduction to Internet Governance
  • 51 Artificial Intelligence (AI) Predictions For 2018
  • An engineering firm wants to tow icebergs thousands of miles from Antarctica to quench the driest areas of the world - and it's starting with Dubai
  • Agelight Releases IoT Safety & Trust Design Architecture and Risk Toolkit
  • The 18 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics
  • It’s the year 2038–here’s how we’ll eat 20 years in the future

Events / Announcements

  • Women Entrepreneur Quest 2018
  • The National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC) 2018
  • GIAN course on Integrative Computational Approaches For Exposome Analysis
  • ACM Learning Webinar on “Explainable Machine Learning Models for Healthcare AI”
  • Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship --- Dec 2018
  • IITMAA Sangam - Confluence for Impact
  • Students Empowerment Conference - 2018 (Opportunities after graduation)
  • SPIN Chennai: Workshop on Statistical Methods For Process Management

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Articles

Are New York’s Free LinkNYC Internet Kiosks Tracking Your Movements?

LinkNYC kiosks have become a familiar eyesore to New Yorkers. Over 1,600 of these towering, nine-and-a-half-foot monoliths — their double-sided screens festooned with ads and fun facts — have been installed across the city since early 2016. Mayor Bill de Blasio has celebrated their ability to provide “the fastest and largest municipal Wi-Fi network in the world” as “a critical step toward a more equal, open, and connected city for every New Yorker, in every borough.” Anyone can use the kiosks’ Android tablets to search for directions and services; they are also equipped with charging stations, 911 buttons, and phones for free domestic calls.

But even as the kiosks have provided important services to connect New Yorkers, they may also represent a troubling expansion of the city’s surveillance network, potentially connecting every borough to a new level of invasive monitoring. Each kiosk has three cameras, 30 sensors, and heightened sight lines for viewing above crowds.

Since plans for LinkNYC were first unveiled, journalists, residents, and civil liberties experts have raised concerns that the internet kiosks might be storing sensitive data about its users and possibly tracking their movements. For the last two years, the American Civil Liberties Union, Electronic Frontier Foundation, and a small but vocal group of activists — including ReThink LinkNYC, a grassroots anti-surveillance group, and the anonymous Stop LinkNYC coalition — have highlighted the kiosk’s potential to track locations, collect personal information, and fuel mass surveillance.

Now an undergraduate researcher has discovered indications in LinkNYC code — accidentally made public on the internet — that LinkNYC may be actively planning to track users’ locations.


How Common Is Commercial Contract Cheating in Higher Education and Is It Increasing? A Systematic Review

Contract cheating, where students recruit a third party to undertake their assignments, is frequently reported to be increasing, presenting a threat to academic standards and quality. Many incidents involve payment of the third party, often a so-called “Essay Mill,” giving contract cheating a commercial aspect. This study synthesized findings from prior research to try and determine how common commercial contract cheating is in Higher Education, and test whether it is increasing. It also sought to evaluate the quality of the research evidence which addresses those questions. Recommendations are made for future studies on academic integrity and contract cheating specifically.


The man who was fired by a machine

"It wasn't the first time my key card failed, I assumed it was time to replace it."
So began a sequence of events that saw Ibrahim Diallo fired from his job, not by his manager but by a machine.

He has detailed his story in a blogpost which he hopes will serve as a warning to firms about relying too much on automation.

"Automation can be an asset to a company, but there needs to be a way for humans to take over if the machine makes a mistake," he writes.

The story of Mr Diallo's sacking by machine began when his entry pass to the Los Angeles skyscraper where his office was based failed to work, forcing him to rely on the security guard to allow him entry.

"As soon as I got to my floor, I went to see my manager to let her know. She promised to order me a new one right away."

Then he noticed that he was logged out of his work system and a colleague told Mr Diallo that the word "Inactive" was listed alongside his name.


Blogpost (Full story): The Machine Fired Me: No human could do a thing about it!

UIDAI’s Aadhaar Software Hacked, ID Database Compromised, Experts Confirm

The authenticity of the data stored in India's controversial Aadhaar identity database, which contains the biometrics and personal information of over 1 billion Indians, has been compromised by a software patch that disables critical security features of the software used to enrol new Aadhaar users, a three month-long investigation by HuffPost India reveals.

The patch—freely available for as little as Rs 2,500 (around $35)— allows unauthorised persons, based anywhere in the world, to generate Aadhaar numbers at will, and is still in widespread use.

This has significant implications for national security at a time when the Indian government has sought to make Aadhaar numbers the gold standard for citizen identification, and mandatory for everything from using a mobile phone to accessing a bank account.


Response from UIDAI: Incorrect and irresponsible: UIDAI refutes Aadhaar software hacking report

An Introduction to Internet Governance

Although Internet governance deals with the core of the digital world, governance cannot be handled with the digital-binary logic of the true or false, or good or bad. Instead, the subject demands many subtleties and shades of meaning and perception, requiring an analogue approach, covering a continuum of options and compromises. The aim of the book An Introduction to Internet Governance, by Dr Jovan Kurbalija, is to provide a comprehensive overview of the main issues and actors in the field through a practical framework for analysis, discussion, and resolution of significant issues. Written in a clear and accessible way, supplemented with figures and illustrations, it focuses on the technical, security, legal, economic, development, sociocultural, and human rights aspects of Internet governance.

The text and approaches presented in the book have been used by DiploFoundation and many universities as a basis from training courses and capacity development programmes on Internet governance.

Download the book (registration required)

51 Artificial Intelligence (AI) Predictions For 2018

It is somewhat safe to predict that AI will continue to be at the top of the hype cycle in 2018. But the following 51 predictions also envision it becoming more practical and useful, automating some jobs and augmenting many others, combining machine learning and big data for fresh insights, with chatbots proliferating in the enterprise.


An engineering firm wants to tow icebergs thousands of miles from Antarctica to quench the driest areas of the world - and it's starting with Dubai

What do you do if you're a fast-growing city in the desert with lots of thirsty people and little freshwater reserves? Park an iceberg off the coast.

That's one Dubai-based engineering firm's plan to provide fresh drinking water to the city's rapidly-expanding population.

The National Advisor Bureau (NABL), a private engineering firm, wants to schlep a glacial iceberg from Antarctica - weighing approximately 100 million tons - to Dubai, via an intermediate stop in either Perth, Australia, or Cape Town, South Africa.


Agelight Releases IoT Safety & Trust Design Architecture and Risk Toolkit

The AgeLight Advisory Group, working with leaders in the public and private sectors, has released the IoT Safety & Trust Architecture® and Risk Toolkit (ISTA). The goal of the ISTA is to help the market deliver on the promise of Internet of Things (IoT) by enhancing device security, safety and privacy practices.

As IoT goes through massive growth, it has the tremendous potential to revolutionize the way we live and work. Yet there is the risk of connected devices flipping lives upside down if proper security, safety and privacy measures are not implemented. The ISTA was designed to address these risks by harmonizing global efforts and providing a risk-assessment and scoring model to aid device manufactures prioritize their development efforts. The principles are built on the belief that independent of a device’s price point they can and should be engineered to help prevent security and safety risks and misuse of users’ personal data.

"The ISTA provides a blueprint to embrace security and privacy by design," said Craig Spiezle, Managing Director of the Agelight Advisory Group. “Organizations that adopt the ISTA can maximize user safety and peace of mind, while making security and privacy a part of their brand promise.”

The ISTA takes a pragmatic view based on a weighted scoring model that incorporates six core issues impacting developers today. Based on an organization’s risk tolerance, engineering efforts can be ranked and prioritized. Scoring criteria includes:

  • The impact to the user
  • The impact to the ecosystem and society at large
  • Financial and performance impact
  • Hazardization, or risks related to physical and life safety
  • Development costs and impact to market timing
  • Regulatory and liability risk


The 18 Biggest Unsolved Mysteries in Physics

In 1900, the British physicist Lord Kelvin is said to have pronounced: "There is nothing new to be discovered in physics now. All that remains is more and more precise measurement." Within three decades, quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of relativity had revolutionized the field. Today, no physicist would dare assert that our physical knowledge of the universe is near completion. To the contrary, each new discovery seems to unlock a Pandora's box of even bigger, even deeper physics questions. These are our picks for the most profound open questions of all. Inside you’ll learn about parallel universes, why time seems to move in one direction only, and why we don’t understand chaos.


It’s the year 2038–here’s how we’ll eat 20 years in the future

A science-fiction look at the next two decades of food developments, from robot farmers to 3D-printed meals to government monitoring of your daily calorie intake.

It’s the year 2038. The word “flavor” has fallen into disuse. Sugar is the new cigarettes, and we have managed to replace salt with healthy plants. We live in a society in which we eat fruit grown using genetics. We drink synthetic wine, scramble eggs that do not come from chickens, grill meat that was not taken from animals, and roast fish that never saw the sea.


Events / Announcements

Women Entrepreneur Quest 2018

Connections. Guidance. Inspiration… are all important for the growth of a business. Get access to all this and more by applying for the popular Women  Entrepreneur Quest (WEQ) 2018 contest and win a free visit to the Silicon Valley.

The Women Entrepreneur Quest (WEQ) 2018 is the flagship contest of AnitaB.org India for women entrepreneurs, who are founders of startups in the technology sector.

The deadline to apply for WEQ 2018 Stage 1 is September 30, 2018.


The National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC) 2018

The National Bio Entrepreneurship Competition (NBEC) 2018 is inviting path breaking revolutionary and scalable business ideas in the life sciences domain spanning:

  • Healthcare including drug discovery and development, vaccines, regenerative medicine, diagnostics, medical devices, digital health, healthcare IT
  • Agri-biotech including food and nutraceuticals, soil health, and plant based therapeutics
  • Animal health
  • Industrial biotech including clean and renewable energy, water, and waste management


GIAN course on Integrative Computational Approaches For Exposome Analysis

Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal is organising GIAN course on Integrative Computational Approaches For Exposome Analysis during Dec 05-09,2018.

For details pl. contact: Dr. K.R. Pardasani, Professor of Mathematics, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal. Phone: +919425358308


ACM Learning Webinar on “Explainable Machine Learning Models for Healthcare AI”

ACM Learning Webinar on “Explainable Machine Learning Models for Healthcare AI” is scheduled on  Wednesday, September 26, 2018 at 12:00 PM Eastern Daylight Time ( 21.30 IST).

This tutorial will extensively cover the definitions, nuances, challenges, and requirements for the design of interpretable and explainable machine learning models and systems in healthcare. We discuss many uses in which interpretable machine learning models are needed in healthcare and how they should be deployed. Additionally, we explore the landscape of recent advances to address the challenges model interpretability in healthcare and also describe how one would go about choosing the right interpretable machine learning algorithm for a given problem in healthcare.

Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship --- Dec 2018

The Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme is aimed at attracting the talent pool of the country to doctoral (Ph.D.) programs of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for carrying out research in cutting edge science and technology domains, with focus on national priorities.

Under the PMRF scheme for PMRF December 2018, students who have completed, or are pursuing, the final year of four year undergraduate or five year integrated M.Tech or five year integrated M.Sc. or five year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree programs in Science and Technology streams from IIEST/IISc/IITs/NITs/IISERs and centrally funded IIITs are eligible for admission to full time Ph.D. programme in the IITs & IISc provided they fulfil prescribed eligibility criteria and finally get selected after shortlisting/written test/interview. For each hosting IIT and IISc the Ph.D admissions under the PMRF scheme will be supernumerary.

Applicants who fulfill the eligibility criteria, and are finally selected through a selection process, will be offered admission to Ph.D. program in one of IITs/IISc with a fellowship of Rs.70,000/- per month for the first two years, Rs.75,000/- per month for the 3rd year, and Rs.80,000/- per month in the 4th and 5th years. Apart from this, a research grant of Rs.2.00 lakh per year will be provided to each of the Fellows for a period of 5 years to cover their academic contingency expenses and for foreign/national travel expenses.

Last date to submit applications is 30th Sep 2018

For more details visit https://dec2018.pmrf.in

IITMAA Sangam - Confluence for Impact

IIT Madras celebrates the Diamond Jubilee this year! As part of the celebration, IITM Alumni Association is organising its maiden conclave on Saturday 29th September 2018 at Hotel Leela Palace, Chennai.

IITMAA Sangam - Confluence for Impact is a One-day program that brings thought leaders under a single roof from across disciplines and walks of life. In this program with carefully curated sessions, delegates will be inspired by thought-provoking ideas and emerging trends in technology, banking, digital, healthcare among others    

For details visit https://iitmaa.org/sangam

Students Empowerment Conference - 2018 (Opportunities after graduation)

Skilled Youth Professionals Association (SYPA) a Professional Student Volunteer Organization that facilitates access to career opportunities in India through Talent Assessment and Skill Enhancement Training Programs invites students for the Student Empowerment Conference – Opportunities after graduation at Dr. A.P.J.  Abdul Kalam Auditorium (A/ C) , Aalim Muhammed Salegh Academy of Architecture , Muthapudupet, Avadi, IAF,Chennai-55  on Wednesday, 19th of Sep 2018.

For details contact: Skilled Youth Professionals Association Phone: 8807128910/8608430453
Web Site : www.sypa.org.in

SPIN Chennai: Workshop on Statistical Methods For Process Management

Join the Workshop on Statistical Methods For Process Management with Sriram - Statistics Expert on 20th October 2018, Saturday at Conf. Hall, Alumni Center, College of Engineering, Anna Univ., Chennai



Archives of Interesting Reads 

To access the past posts of Interesting Reads, pl. visit

Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com  

With regards
HR Mohan