Thursday, 21 February 2019

Interesting Reads – 2019-02-21



Interesting Reads – 2019-02-21

Contents

Articles

  • How to quit your tech: a beginner's guide to divorcing your phone
  • How AI Will Go Out Of Control According To 52 Experts
  • How to build soft skills: 10 must-read books
  • 'Smiling depression': it's possible to be depressed while appearing happy – here's why that's particularly dangerous
  • 24 startup winners across sectors, insightful panels, and an engaging VC mixer. Check out highlights from a successful Maharashtra Startup Week 2019
  • Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Final Report published
  • Smart Farming: The Future of Agriculture
  • How to Make a 3-D Model of Your Home Renovation Vision
  • Leaders in Diversity and Inclusion: 5 Lessons From Top Global Companies
  • The Tiny Swiss Company That Thinks It Can Help Stop Climate Change
  • Bonus: Design thinking: 5 must-watch TED Talks

Events / Announcements

  • CSI, IEEE CS, ACM:  Presentation on “Opportunities in Open Source” on Saturday, 2nd Mar 2019 at Chennai
  • ORSI, Chennai: Prof.TR Natesan Endowment Lecture on 8th March 2019 at IIT Madras
  • RSAT 2019 offers entrance for Pan Indian colleges
  • IITM Summer Fellowship Programme – 2019
  • ACM Summer School: HPC architectures for AI and dedicated applications. 17-24 Jul 2019 at Barcelona
  • Half day livestream technical training event: Cloud OnBoard OnAir
  • Call For Papers: IEEE TENCON 2019 at Kochi during 17-19 Oct 2019



Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com 

With regards
HR Mohan

========================================================

Articles

How to quit your tech: a beginner's guide to divorcing your phone

Stuck on your screen? We asked six very busy people to attempt a digital detox – here’s how you can, too

Related Story:  Our minds can be hijacked': the tech insiders who fear a smartphone dystopia

How AI Will Go Out Of Control According To 52 Experts

'Summoning the demon.' 'The new tools of our oppression.' 'Children playing with a bomb.' These are just a few ways the world's top researchers and industry leaders have described the threat that artificial intelligence poses to mankind. Will AI enhance our lives or completely upend them?

There’s no way around it — artificial intelligence is changing human civilization, from how we work to how we travel to how we enforce laws.

As AI technology advances and seeps deeper into our daily lives, its potential to create dangerous situations is becoming more apparent. A Tesla Model 3 owner in California died while using the car’s Autopilot feature. In Arizona, a self-driving Uber vehicle hit and killed a pedestrian (though there was a driver behind the wheel).

Other instances have been more insidious. For example, when IBM’s Watson was tasked with helping physicians diagnose cancer patients, it gave numerous “unsafe and incorrect treatment recommendations.”

Some of the world’s top researchers and industry leaders believe these issues are just the tip of the iceberg. What if AI advances to the point where its creators can no longer control it? How might that redefine humanity’s place in the world?

Below, 52 experts weigh in on the threat that AI poses to the future of humanity, and what we can do to ensure that AI is an aid to the human race rather than a destructive force.


How to build soft skills: 10 must-read books

Want to communicate more effectively? Resolve conflicts wisely? Keep your cool with difficult people? Improve your soft skills with these books


'Smiling depression': it's possible to be depressed while appearing happy – here's why that's particularly dangerous

The term “smiling depression” – appearing happy to others while internally suffering depressive symptoms – has become increasingly popular. Articles on the topic have crept up in the popular literature, and the number of Google searches for the condition has increased dramatically this year. Some may question, however, whether this is actually a real, pathological condition.

While smiling depression is not a technical term that psychologists use, it is certainly possible to be depressed and manage to successfully mask the symptoms. 

Related Story: People with depression use language differently – here’s how to spot it

24 startup winners across sectors, insightful panels, and an engaging VC mixer. Check out highlights from a successful Maharashtra Startup Week 2019 

The second edition of the Maharashtra Startup Week, organised by the Maharashtra State Innovation Society (MSInS), focused on agriculture, healthcare, sustainability (water management, waste management and clean tech), smart infra and mobility, skilling and other miscellaneous sectors, with 100 startups making pitches to an eminent jury panel.

24 winning startups (listed in the story) across the aforementioned sectors emerged as winners and will be awarded work orders of up to Rs 15 lakh each by Government of Maharashtra. Over 1500 applicants applied to the Maharashtra Startup Week from across India.


Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Final Report published

The Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee has published its final report on Disinformation and ‘fake news’.


Smart Farming: The Future of Agriculture

"Smart farming" is an emerging concept that refers to managing farms using technologies like IoT, robotics, drones and AI to increase the quantity and quality of products while optimizing the human labor required by production.


How to Make a 3-D Model of Your Home Renovation Vision

Before you get out the hardware, use software like free floor-plan apps and augmented-reality tools to sketch out the ideas for your remodeling projects.


Leaders in Diversity and Inclusion: 5 Lessons From Top Global Companies

Managing diversity and inclusion in the global workplace is, in many ways, an unmapped territory. As such, we share five lessons from the following top global companies:

  • BASF. Earning a spot on DiversityInc’s Top 50 in 2015, 2014 and 2013, BASF is a global force properly leveraging D&I.
  • Ford Motor Company. Ford made DiversityInc’s Top 50 an impressive 11 times.
  • Sodexo. Sodexo was the recipient of the Catalyst Award in 2012 and earned a spot on DiversityInc’s Top 50 on eight different occasions.
  • AIG. In 2015, AIG earned a spot on DiversityInc’s 25 Noteworthy Companies list for the second year in a row. The company’s talent pipeline, equitable talent development, CEO and senior leadership commitment and supplier diversity were assessed.
  • L’Oréal. In 2006, the World Diversity Leadership Council presented L’Oréal USA with the Corporate Diversity Innovation Award, as well as the DANDI Award in 2012.
  • Deutsche Bank. Named as one of the Top 50 Employers for Women, Deutsche Bank also won an award for its global sponsorship program ATLAS, which helps women progress to senior positions.
  • Bayer. Known for years for its effective eLearning modules and other non-traditional strategies for D&I, Bayer was named a Top 10 Company for Asian Americans, as well as a Top Global Company by DiversityInc.
  • Johnson & Johnson. The global healthcare company was listed on DiversityInc’s Top 50 eleven times.

These leading organizations are paving the way for the future of diversity and inclusion. Between fostering innovation and learning to properly monitor — and model — their efforts, we have gleaned from these leading global companies five important lessons for organizations to successfully implement diversity and inclusion efforts that will have global relevance.

Related Post: Diversity And Inclusion: A Beginner’s Guide For HR Professionals

The Tiny Swiss Company That Thinks It Can Help Stop Climate Change
 
Two European entrepreneurs want to remove carbon from the air at prices cheap enough to matter.

Carbon dioxide (CO) can be removed from the air for commercial purposes, and that its removal could have a profound effect on the future of humanity. But its almost certainly too soon to say for sure. One sunny morning last October, several engineers from a Swiss firm called Climeworks ambled onto the roof of a power-generating waste-incineration plant in Hinwil, a village about 30 minutes outside Zurich. The technicians had in front of them 12 large devices, stacked in two rows of six, that resembled oversize front-loading clothes dryers. These were “direct air capture” machines, which soon would begin collecting carbon dioxide from air drawn in through their central ducts. Once trapped, the CO would then be siphoned into large tanks and trucked to a local Coca-Cola bottler, where it would become the fizz in a soft drink.

Full Post               
Related Story: Losing Earth: The Decade We almost stopped the climate change

Bonus: Design thinking: 5 must-watch TED Talks

Design thinking helps organizations start product development with user-focused practices and prototyping. Learn more about the nuances – and potential.

Design thinking is not a codified process or a step-by-step framework for innovation. More than anything, it’s a mindset for approaching new product and service development based on user-focused practices and prototyping. As a result, the concept can be difficult for IT leaders and team members to understand fully - or explain to other people. Discussions of design thinking often come tightly coupled with DevOps and innovation strategies – but while all three go together, each has its own principles.

The following TED talks, however, do a great job of illustrating some of the major tenets of design thinking – observation, empathy, human need, ongoing engagement. These videos are valuable viewing for people interested in exploring or furthering their organization’s adoption of design thinking approaches.


Events / Announcements

CSI, IEEE CS, ACM:  Presentation on “Opportunities in Open Source” on Saturday, 2nd Mar 2019 at Chennai

CSI, IEEE CS & ACM cordially invite you for a presentation on “Opportunities in Open Source” by Mr. Shakthi Kannan, Senior DevOps Engineer, Aerospike Inc, Bangalore on Saturday, 2nd March 2019 at 6.00 p.m. at The Seminar Hall, CSI Education Directorate, Taramani, Chennai – 600113

The formal pdf invite is at at
and also shared at

To facilitate logistics, please pre-register at https://goo.gl/TZASB1

ORSI, Chennai: Prof.TR Natesan Endowment Lecture on 8th March 2019 at IIT Madras

ORSI, Chennai Chapter is organizing Prof.TR Natesan Endowment Lecture on "A Short Survey on Game Theory" on 8th March 2019 from 4.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m. at Department of Management Studies, IITM.


RSAT 2019 offers entrance for Pan Indian colleges

In a bid to provide students a common platform to get admission in PAN India colleges as per their eligibility, ‘Rankers’ an e-learning organization with technical support from TCSiON announced its first ever online test– Ranker Scholarship Aptitude Test 2019 (RSAT) to be held on 24th March 2019 in nearly 100 examination centers covering Pan India.


IITM  Summer Fellowship Programme - 2019

The IITM - Summer Fellowship Programme of two months with stipend (Rs. 6000/- per month) is designed to enhance awareness and interest in high quality academic research among young Engineering, Management, Sciences and Humanities students through a goal oriented summer mini-project undertaken at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras.

Last date to apply 28th Feb 2019


ACM Summer School: HPC architectures for AI and dedicated applications. 17-24 Jul 2019 at Barcelona

The 2019 ACM Europe Summer School on “HPC Computer Architectures for AI and Dedicated Applications” will take place in Barcelona 17 - 24 July 2019, and is hosted by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC-CNS) and the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC-BarcelonaTECH). ACM's Special Interst Group on High Performance Computing (SIGHPC), devoted exclusively to the needs of students, faculty, researchers, and practitioners in high performance computing, is the primary sponsor of the school. Other industry sponsors support the school.

Last date to apply 15th Mar 2019



Half day livestream technical training event: Cloud OnBoard OnAir

This half-day livestream training scheduled on 28th Mar 2019 from 2.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m, will cover Google Cloud Platform (GCP) fundamentals. You will learn how to get started with Compute Engine, Storage, Datastore, Container Engine, Kubernetes Engine, and App Engine.


Call For Papers: IEEE TENCON 2019 at Kochi during 17-19 Oct 2019

TENCON is the flagship premier international technical conference of IEEE Region 10. The Theme for TENCON 2019 is "Technology, Knowledge, and Society", and it will be held during 17th to 20th October, 2019 at Hotel Grand Hyatt, Bolgatty, Kochi, Kerala.

Paper submission deadline: 29th Apr 2019


Archives of Interesting Reads 

To access the past posts of Interesting Reads, pl. visit

Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com  

With regards
HR Mohan

Friday, 15 February 2019

Interesting Reads – 2019-02-16



Interesting Reads – 2019-02-16

Contents

Articles

  • AI: unravel the research, fulfill the potential
  • Russia considers 'unplugging' from internet
  • The Secret History of Women in Coding
  • This neuroscientist is fighting sexual harassment in science—but her own job is in peril
  • Saudi Arabia runs a huge, sinister online database of women that men use to track them and stop them from running away
  • LipPass Authenticates Users Based On the Way They Move Their Mouths
  • World Quality Report 2018-19
  • Toilet talk: meeting one of the world’s grand challenges with innovation
  • Top Retractions of 2018
  • We didn’t see this coming:  Our 2019 Annual Letter by Bill & Melinda Gates
  • Bonus: These are the 20 most congested cities in the world

Events / Announcements

  • CSI, IEEE CS, TEMS, WIE & HCC: Release of the book “The 99 Day Diversity Challenge” and Presentation on “Inclusion begins at home” on 22nd Feb 2019 at Chennai
  • Dept. of LIS, Madras Univ: ‘Repair, Restore, Rebuild & Rejuvenate Library Resources’ - A Workshop on Conservation Techniques  on 22 & 23 February 2019
  • SETS, IEEE CS, CSI, ISACA: "National Workshop on Hardware Security" at Chennai 26th Feb 2019



Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com 

With regards
HR Mohan

========================================================

Articles

AI: unravel the research, fulfill the potential

Millions of hours have been spent researching AI. But how do we manage the knowledge - and use it to exploit opportunity?

Artificial intelligence is a topic that dominates global research. But the rapid rate of development has led to fragmentation and disorder.

Knowledge is siloed, terminology is inconsistent-and a clear overview is difficult to find. Until now.

Our comprehensive report - Artificial Intelligence: How knowledge is created, transferred, and used - is the first of its kind. With consultation from many of the world's leading AI experts and based on the very latest data and insights from conferences, pre-print articles, social media and Scopus, it is a meticulously constructed and comprehensive guide that explains the terminology and brings a refreshing clarity to the global research picture. It helps anyone involved in AI research to make the most of the fast growing bank of knowledge available today.

The world of AI research clarified and explained.


Russia considers 'unplugging' from internet

Russia is considering whether to disconnect from the global internet briefly, as part of a test of its cyber-defences.

The test will mean data passing between Russian citizens and organisations stays inside the nation rather than being routed internationally.

A draft law mandating technical changes needed to operate independently was introduced to its parliament last year.


The Secret History of Women in Coding

Computer programming once had much better gender balance than it does today. What went wrong?


Related Story : The Women Who Contributed to Science but Were Buried in Footnotes

This neuroscientist is fighting sexual harassment in science—but her own job is in peril

BethAnn McLaughlin has no time for James Watson, especially not when the 90-year-old geneticist is peering out from a photo on the wall of her guest room at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory’s Banbury Center.

“I don’t need him staring at me when I’m trying to go to sleep,” McLaughlin told a December 2018 gathering at the storied New York meeting center as she projected a photo of her redecorating job: She had hung a washcloth over the image of Watson, who co-discovered DNA’s structure, directed the lab for decades—and is well-known for racist and sexist statements.


Saudi Arabia runs a huge, sinister online database of women that men use to track them and stop them from running away                                               

  • Saudi law says every woman must have a male guardian, who has enormous power over her life and travel.
  • The Saudi government has digitized parts of the guardian system, letting Saudi men manage women's lives online.
  • INSIDER spoke with Shahad al-Mohaimeed, a refugee who navigated this system to flee her family in 2017.
  • Guardians can specify when and from which airports women can travel, effectively trapping them in Saudi Arabia.
  • The system includes a text-messaging system that alerts men when women use their passports. They are often able to catch them as a result.


Related Story: Apple and Google accused of helping 'enforce gender apartheid' by hosting Saudi government app that tracks women and stops them leaving the country

LipPass Authenticates Users Based On the Way They Move Their Mouths

Just like in a classic spy movie, someone could potentially bypass the fingerprint or voiceprint security measures on your phone by using fingerprint film or a recording of your voice. But fear not—your deepest, darkest secrets could someday be less vulnerable to hackers, thanks to a novel user verification technique for phones that relies not on a biological factor, but a behavioral one.

The new platform, LipPass, deciphers the subtle yet distinct differences in how a user’s mouth moves when they speak with 90.2 percent accuracy, and detects spoofers with 93.1 percent accuracy.


Related Story: Hey, Siri: Read My Lips

World Quality Report 2018-19

Learn what is top of mind for QA and testing for IT leaders just like you. The latest edition of the World Quality Report 2018-19 (WQR) analyzes responses from 1700 people in 32 countries, across ten different sectors, and discusses the trends shaping QA and testing today, along with recommendations for addressing tomorrow’s challenges. One of the key findings of the report is that for the first time, end user satisfaction is now a top priority for QA and testing.

Download the report and discover the latest trends in:

  • Customer-centered innovation
  • Growth of Artificial Intelligence
  • Adoption of Internet of Things
  • Emergence of Blockchain
  • Heightened focus on security

Toilet talk: meeting one of the world’s grand challenges with innovation

How is it possible that 2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation facilities in 2015? While many westerners use their bathroom time as “me time,” 40% of the world’s population may be pooping outdoors, in an unsanitary latrine, or in a plastic bag and launching flying toilets to dispose of their waste. The environmental impact of the worldwide sanitation situation cannot be underestimated. Not only do the unsanitary conditions and noxious odors of many latrines pose a health hazard for fecal-transmitted diseases, but in many cases the fecal matter ends up in the environment, untreated.

How can we achieve safe sanitation? One way is through innovation. (Bit dated story but worth reading)


Related Story: World Toilet Day: Kibera slum seeks to ground 'flying toilets'

Top Retractions of 2018

Santa makes lists and so do we, only ours usually is just of those who have been naughty. And the Retraction Watch leaderboard includes some pretty dodgy characters. The top spot in the lineup still belongs (and perhaps always will) to Yoshitaka Fujii with 183 retractions, and it now takes at least 21 retractions to crack the Top 30, with a tie at that slot. For those who won’t settle for anything less than the Top 10, 41 papers is the minimum.

This fall we officially launched our database of retractions, a resource for scientists, journalists, and anyone else interested in publishing mishaps and research misconduct—and anyone who wants to know whether they’re about to cite a retracted paper without knowing it. Here are some of the year’s top retraction stories, in no particular order:


Related Post: Predatory Publishing

We didn’t see this coming:  Our 2019 Annual Letter by Bill & Melinda Gates
  
How would you describe 2018?

Was it what you expected?

We’d probably say no. From especially devastating natural disasters on the one hand to record numbers of women campaigning for office on the other, 2018 felt to us like a series of surprises. The world looking backward from today is very different from what we pictured a couple years ago looking forward.

In this year’s annual letter, we’re highlighting nine more things that have surprised us along this journey. Some worry us. Others inspire us. All of them are prodding us to action. We hope they do the same for you, because that’s how the world gets better.

A benefit of surprises is that they’re often a prod to action. It can gnaw at people to realize that the realities of the world don’t match their expectations for it. Some surprises help people see that the status quo needs to change. Some surprises underscore that transformation is happening already.

Twenty-five years ago, we read an article that said hundreds of thousands of kids in poor countries were dying from diarrhea. That surprise helped crystallize our values. We believe in a world where innovation is for everyone—where no child dies from a disease it’s possible to prevent. But what we saw was a world still shaped by inequity.

That discovery was one of the most important steps in our journey to philanthropy. We were surprised, then we were outraged, then we were activated.

There have been good surprises, too. When we first started learning about malaria, we thought the world would never make real headway on the disease until someone invented a long-acting vaccine. But thanks to bed nets and other measures, malaria deaths are down 42 percent since 2000.


Bonus: These are the 20 most congested cities in the world

The transportation data firm INRIX Research released recently its annual rankings of the most congested cities in the world. The company measured the amount of time lost per capita in 2018 due to the difference between traffic at the busiest and least busy commuting times each day. Cities were ranked based on delays caused by congestion, adjusted for each city's population. Moscow was named the most congested city in the world for the second year in a row, and Europe had more cities in the top-20 than any other continent.


Events / Announcements

CSI, IEEE CS, TEMS, WIE & HCC: Release of the book “The 99 Day Diversity Challenge” and Presentation on “Inclusion begins at home” on 22nd Feb 2019 at Chennai

CSI, IEEE CS, TEMS, WIE & HCC  cordially invite you for the release of the book “The 99 Day Diversity Challenge -- Creating an Inclusive Workplace”  by Mr. Umasanker Kandaswamy,  COO & Joint Director, Bruhat Insights Global and the presentation by Dr. Saundarya Rajesh, Social Entrepreneur, Founder & President, AVTAR Group & Author of the book “The 99 Day Diversity Challenge” on “Inclusion begins at home” on Friday, 22nd Feb 2019 at 6.00 p.m. at The Seminar Hall, CSI Education Directorate, Taramani, Chennai – 600113

The formal pdf invite is at
and also at

To facilitate logistics, please pre-register at

Dept. of LIS, Madras Univ: ‘Repair, Restore, Rebuild & Rejuvenate Library Resources’ - A Workshop on Conservation Techniques  on 22 & 23 Feb 2019

The Department of Library & Information Science, University of Madras is organising -

‘Repair, Restore, Rebuild & Rejuvenate Library Resources’ - A Workshop on Conservation Techniques  on 22 & 23 February 2019.

For further details and registration, please visit


SETS, IEEE CS, CSI, ISACA: "National Workshop on Hardware Security" at Chennai 26th Feb 2019

SETS (Society for Electronic Transactions and Security)  is organizing "National Workshop on Hardware Security" in association with IEEE Computer Society, Madras Chapter, Computer Society of India, Chennai Chapter & ISACA, Chennai Chapter on 26th February 2019.


For assistance pl. contact: Dr. P. Nageswara Rao, Workshop Coordinator
Mobile: 9884143131 -- Landline: 044-66632506

Archives of Interesting Reads 

To access the past posts of Interesting Reads, pl. visit

Feedback

We will be pleased to have your feedback on the “Interesting Reads” posts being sent once in five days. 

Pl. share the links of any interesting things you come across so that we can include them in these email posts. 

Also, pl. share the email ids of your colleagues, friends, peers and contacts, if you want them to be included in the google group to get regular posts.  

Pl. send all your communications to hrmohan.ieee@gmail.com  

With regards
HR Mohan